Jordan Travel Guide
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The major characteristic of the climate is humid from November to March and semi dry weather for the rest of the year. With hot, dry, uniform summers and cool, freezing variable winters during which practically all of the precipitation occurs, the country has a Mediterranean-style climate. In general, the farther inland from the Mediterranean Sea a given part of the country lies, the greater are the seasonal contrasts in temperature and the less rainfall. Atmospheric pressures during the summer months are relatively uniform, whereas the winter months bring a succession of marked low pressure areas and accompanying cold fronts. These cyclonic disturbances generally move eastward from over the Mediterranean Sea several times a month and result in sporadic precipitation.
Most of the East Bank receives less than 620 mm of rain a year and may be classified as a semi dry region. Where the ground rises to form the highlands east of the Jordan Valley, precipitation increases to around 300 mm in the south and 500 or more mm in the north. The Jordan Valley, lying in the lee of high ground on the West Bank, forms a narrow climatic zone that annually receives up to 900 mm of rain in the northern reaches; rain dwindles to less than 120 mm at the head of the Dead Sea.
The country's long summer reaches a peak during August. January is usually the coldest month. The fairly wide ranges of temperature during a twenty-four-hour period are greatest during the summer months and have a tendency to increase with higher elevation and distance from the Mediterranean seacoast. Daytime temperatures during the summer months frequently exceed 29 °C and average about 32 °C. In contrast, the winter months—September to March—bring moderately cool and sometimes very cold weather, averaging about 3.2 °C. Except in the rift depression, frost is fairly common during the winter, it may take the form of snow at the higher elevations of the north western highlands. Usually it snows a couple of times in the winter in northern Jordan.
For a month or so before and after the summer dry season, hot, dry air from the desert, drawn by low pressure, produces strong winds from the south or southeast that sometimes reach gale force. Known in the Middle East by various names, including the khamsin, this dry, sirocco-style wind is usually accompanied by great dust clouds. Its onset is heralded by a hazy sky, a falling barometer, and a drop in relative humidity to about 10 percent. Within a few hours there may be a 10 °C to 15 °C rise in temperature. These windstorms ordinarily last a day or so, cause much discomfort, and destroy crops by desiccating them.
The shamal, another wind of some significance, comes from the north or northwest, generally at intervals between June and September. Remarkably steady during daytime hours but becoming a breeze at night, the shammal may blow for as long as nine days out of ten and then repeat the process. It originates as a dry continental mass of polar air that is warmed as it passes over the Eurasian landmass. The dryness allows intense heating of the Earth's surface by the sun, resulting in high daytime temperatures that moderate after sunset.
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Jordan Travel Informations and Jordan Travel Guide
Jordan History: Modern Jordan
Jordan Geography - Jordan Climate - Jordan Administrative Divisions
Jordan Demographics - Jordan Ethnic Groups - Jordan Religion - Jordan Language - Jordan Immigration
Jordan Politics: Jordan Constitution - Jordan Legal System & Legislation
Kings Jordan & Political events - Jordan Parliament: Term - Jordan Political Parties - Jordan Human Rights
Jordan Economy: Brain Drain and Brain Gain - Jordan Natural Resources: Natural gas - Oil shale - Phosphate - Uranium
Jordan Transportation - Jordan Currency & Exchange Rates - Jordan Tourism: Nature Reserves
Influence of the Southwest Asian conflict - Jordan Foreign Relations - Jordan Military: Army - Navy - Air Force
Peacekeeping Abroad - Jordan Defense Industry - Jordan Police - Jordan Culture - Jordan Health
Jordan Language - Jordan Quality of liife - Jordan Globalization
Jordan Education: Jordan School Education - Jordan Higher Education
Jordan Tourist Attractions: Amman - Agaba - Ajloun - Azrak Wetland Reserve - Baptism Site - Beida - Dana Nature Reserve
Dead Sea - Desert Castle - Jerash - Kerak - Madaba - Ma'in - Al Mujib Nature Reserve - Mukawer - Mount Nebo - Pella
Petra - Shaumari Wildlife Reserve - Shobak - Um El Jimal - Um Qais - Um Rassas - Wadi Rum